Ford Model T – The First Family vehicle to put America on Wheels.
If the industrialist Henry Ford is referred to as a man who “puts America on wheels”, then it is possible with some exaggeration to say that the bike belonged to the Ford Model T.
Although “Tecko” was not particularly beautiful or technically revolutionary, almost everyone could afford it. Model T has begun the era of mass expansion.
Until May 27, 1927, when his production was finished, over 15 million pieces of Metal Sheets were produced, as these cars were dubbed.
The first Model T went into the world in September 1908, five years after Henry Ford, along with eleven other investors, founded the Ford Motor Company. The car, which made minor improvements for nearly 20 years, was designed by a team of designers led by Child Harold Wills.
Its body, first of all wooden, covered with metal, later all-metal, was offered in a number of variants, from the car with the canvas roof, through the elegant coupe to the practical truck.
Although initially the cars were made in dark red or deep green, they were only black in the end. In this context, Ford’s statement is that “every customer can choose any color if it is black.” Choosing this color was probably due to its durability and low cost.
Another theory speaks of the fact that the black lacquer dried faster than other colors and thus allowed faster production.
Just the speed of production was one of the key factors behind the success of Model T. The first specimens were produced at that time in a classical fashion, but it did not make it possible to cover the growing demand. But in 1913, Ford came up with a novelty – belt production.
Whether it is true that the new production method was inspired by the Chicago dredging line, or not, its application in the automotive industry has revolutionized.
While the time to build a car was measured earlier in days, or better in lessons, the build up of the “Teton” took a little more than a quarter of an hour to fine-tune the production process.
In the context of the mass production of the car, the price was gradually decreasing. Already the original $ 850 per piece, the amount was very reasonable, and over time it dropped to $ 260.
It was Henry Ford’s dream of a “universal car” that would be available to the masses. Sales successes also corresponded; In 1914, Ford produced more cars than all other US carmakers combined.
“Plechova Lizinka”, however, only fought for a price. Drivers also appreciated the reliability they displayed on the low-quality roads. In addition to repairing the tricking car, thanks to its simplicity, he was also technically less talented. Usually, a screwdriver, a piece of wire, and a chewing gum were enough.
However, the designers’ efforts to maximize simplicity were sometimes accompanied by unexpected hindrances. For example, fuel flowed to save engine costs by gravity. However, if its level in the tank was low and the car moved into a steep hill, the fuel supply stopped. Drivers in such a situation had nothing but gasoline to dump, or improvise and the slope to go backwards.
For d’s Model T was equipped with a four-cylinder engine with a capacity of 2.9 liters, and who had enough courage to pop the 20-headed herd under the hood, allowed to drive at speeds of up to 70 kilometers per hour. In addition to gasoline, the engine and ethanol burned, so present-day cars for biofuels are no news.
The imaginary counter of the produced “tote” in 1927 stopped at the then record value of 15,007,033 cars. The title of the best-selling car of the world was Model T to Volkswagen “Brouk” in 1972.